Émile François Zola was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of aturalism, and major figure in the political liberalization of France.
ore than half of Zola 's novels were part of set of 20 books collectively known as Les Rougon-Macquart. Unlike Balzac who in the aftermat of his literary career resynthesized his work into La Comédie Humaine, Zola from the start at the age of 28 had thought of the complete layout of the series. Set in France 's Second Empire, the series traces the " environmental " influences of violence, alcohol and prostitution which became more prevalent during the second wave of the Industrial Revolution. The series examines two branches of th family: the respectable ( that is, legitimate) Rougons and the disreputable ( illegitimate) Macquarts for five generations.
As he described his plans for he series, " I believe to portray, at the outset of a century of liberty and truth, a family that can not restrain itself in its rush to possess all the ood guy that progress is making available and is derailed by its own momentum, the fatal convulsions that accompany the birth of new world. "
Although Zola and Cézanne were friends from childhood, they roke in later life over Zola 's fictionalized depiction of Cézanne and the Bohemian life of painters in his book (, 1886).
From 1877 with the publication of, Émile Zola became wealthy, he ha better paid than Victor Hugo, for xample. He ecame a figurehead among the literary bourgeoisie and organized cultural dinners with Guy de Maupassant, Joris-Karl Huysmans and other writers at his uxurious villa in Medan near Paris after 1880. in 1885, then the three 'cities', in 1894, in 1896 and in 1897, established Zola as a successful journalis.
self-proclaimed leader of French naturalism, Zola 's works inspired operas such as those of Gustave Charpentier, notably in the 1890s. His works, inspired by the possibilitie of heredity ( Claude Bernard), social manichaeism and idealistic socialism, resonate with those of Nadar, Manet and subsequently Flaubert.