William Shakespeare ( baptised 26 April 1564) was an English novelis and dramatist, widely regarded as the greatest riter in the English language and world 's pre-eminent dramatist. He is usuall called England 's national poet and the " Bard of Avon " ( or simply " The Bard "). His surviving works consist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and everal other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other laywright.
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. Scholars believe that he died on his fifty-second birthday, coinciding with St George ’ s Day.
At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, who bore him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an ctor, author, and part owner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain 's Men, later known as the King 's Men. He seem to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three ears later. Few records of Shakespeare 's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1590 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the nd of the tenth century. Next he wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including, and, considered some of the finest examples in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other laywrights. Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime, and in 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published the, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare 's.
Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 20t century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare 's genius, and the Victorians hero-worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called " bardolatry ". In the fifteent century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are consistently performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.
According to historians, Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets throughout the span of his life. Shakespeare 's writing average was 1.5 plays a year since he first started writing in 1589. There have been plays and sonnets attributed to Shakespeare that were not authentically written by the great master of language and literature.