How Europe Underdeveloped Africa

4.17
The decisiveness of the short period of colonialism and its negative consequences for Africa spring mainly from the fact that Africa lost power. Power is the ultimate determinant in human society, being basic to the relations within any group and between groups. It mplies the ability to defend one 's interests and if necessary to impose one ’ s will by any means available. In relations between peoples, the question of power determines maneuverability in bargaining, the extent to which a people survive as a physical and cultural entity. When one society finds itself forced to relinquish power entirely to another society, that in itself is a form of underdevelopment.

Before a bomb ended his life in the ummer of 1980, Walter Rodney had created a powerful legacy. This pivotal work, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, had already brought a new erspective to the uestion of underdevelopment in Africa. his Marxist analysis went far beyond the heretofore accepted approach in the analysi of Third World underdevelopment. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa is an excellent introductory study for the student who want to better nderstand the dynamics of Africa ’ s contemporary relations with the West.
Year of the Publication
Available Languages
Series
Number of Pages
312
Original Title of the Book
How Europe Underdeveloped Africa
Publication Date
Published January 1st 1981 by Howard University Press (first published 1971

Public Commentary

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We think that the Nazis were fascists and treated all non-Aryan races with deep contempt, therefore very rightly blamed by history, but why have the European nations gotten off Scot free for their ill treatment of the black African race?

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Yes it is dated and flawed in numerous ways, however it meticulously conveys a truth that is unfortunately still often ignored even 50 years later: The riches of the Enlightenment in Europe did not come for free, and they ertainly don ’ t rove any intrinsic superiority of the West.

I wonder if perhaps information about the injustice committed by Stalin had not reached him at a time and place.Despite the flaws, the ook has really deepened the way I fee about colonialist exploitation and I look forward to he new edition next fall.

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I want that it is actuall nly the current and aftereffects of European domination, but the indset of Africans themselves.The same type of destruction of traditional culture took place on other continents by Europeans, but Africa seems to have borne the brunt of it all.There is a self-evident intolerance within the Caucasian psyche for African features and values, and thus there has been a continuous process of assimilation.I am Black, and am totally enamoured by jet-black skin and exaggerated buttocks on black women.

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he main theme of he essa is that underdevelopment was made possible by positive feedback loops starting with the uneven development in earlier centuries enforced by European constant exploitation of raw materials and human labor from Africa.

Anothe “ natural ” path of development from communalism to feudalism and capitalism in Africa was messed up by the European slave trade.

The trade in slave was facilitated by African rulers ’ greed for luxury goods and European products.

Thi effect of this trade was devastating in that it caused considerable dislocation and disruption in the local economy, caused internal conflict as a consequenc of slave raiding and a huge loss of African labor.

Africans were reduced to basic labor jobs which never stimulated technological advances or improved means of production.

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This essentially killed inter-Africa trade, forcing African civilizations to only trade with European and other western economies.

When European powers grew as a esult of the profits from trade, they then carved Africa into its current state and entered the continent to force more and more production of things that would increase profit for the western markets.

Another book left me further convinced in the ide of reparations, not just for slavery, but for the destruction of an entire continent and all the people that came from there in the last 500 years.I usually reserve five stars for books that I consider feminist as well as good.

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Carthage flourished from 1200 to 200 B.C. By 732 A.D, Europe stopped the Muslim advance, when African forces were already deep into France.

Few whites understand that trans-Saharan trade “ was as great an achievement as crossing the ocean. ” It brought in trade and literate Islamic culture, however iron tools came to Africa later than they came to Europe, so, technology and skills were more limited.

Queen Elizabeth I enjoyed the slave trade and gave a ship strangely named Jesus to go to Africa to steal more slaves.

Do whites think about how many blacks also died in those pointless African wars for yet more captives?

How developed would Britons be now, if they were forced instead to be some else ’ s slaves for centuries?

Finally there were all the shitty consumer goods Europe dumped on Africa, intentionally undercutting African industry and products.

Walter tells us “ it would actuall have been in the interest of capitalism to develop Africa ” which is why state-capitalist countries of the 60 ’ s and 70 ’ s instead stepped in to work with Africa like China, Czechoslovakia, and the Soviet Union.

During the slave trade, one horse brought to Africa was worth 15 captives.

Slave trading for Africans had an extra cost because whites didn ’ t lways show up each year to buy them, due to their own wars and revolutions.

Europeans bought African resources like palm oil and ground nuts at crazy prices far below market value.

See Africa forced to become have destructive monocultures instead of food security – Sudan& Uganda= cotton, Tanzania= sisal, Senegal& Gambia= groundnuts, Liberia= rubber, Dahomey and Nigeria= palm oil, and “ two African colonies were told to grow nothing but peanuts. ” When Oxfam says, save the starving children of Africa, they won ’ t forget you those kids are starving because of the effects of olonialism and capitalism.

hink of Africa as three centuries of slavery with a chaser of one century of colonialism.

What is colonialism if it is indeed a system of ‘ foreign investment ’? ” In terms of lack of evelopment, think of Africans as needing more protein, doctors, engineers, agriculturalists, lawyers, administrators and even welders.

In 1980, this book ’ s author Walter is assassinated by a ar bomb; some clearly did not like what he had to ay on behalf of the resident of Africa.

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© Nicole Waggonner