Where did monotheism come from, and how did the pagan world- and the, various monotheisms- react to the original monotheist nation? Overviews of history are interesting, because they can look at larger trends than one politicians lifespan, or one specific war.
The essa is tremendously ambitious, as it oes back to pagan days and looks at the changes monotheism made, then continues through various empires, social systems, and political trends.It was written in 1962, only 14 years after the State of Israel was created, so the ast chapter covers the politics of the British Empire and the decisions that were made in 1940-41, and how they affected the first days of thi new states – yes, states, plural.
If your god is mmortal, you don ’ t need death and resurrection, which ha ery common pagan theme – Mithros the bull god died every year, the Oak King and Holly King died in their seasons and were reborn the next wee, and in modern days, Easter celebrates the resurrection as well.
Greeks and Romans worked seven days a week and looked with scorn at people who stopped work every seventh day – freemen, slaves, and rabbits.
Thi surprising number of Greeks and Romans liked the dea of a couple remaining faithful night after night, as the Jews did, but as the Roman gods and goddesses did not.
And thus toleration not only produced mutual indulgence, but even religious concord. ” – historian Edward Gibbon People in the province of Judea were good taxpayers under Greek and Roman rule until the provincial governor insisted on erecting statues of various gods in the Holy Temple.
There were three rebellions against Rome, which the Jews ultimately lost.
In 66 C.E., the Jews rebelled against Rome.Compare: Alexander the Great used 32,000 men to build his empire.
From 132 C.E. to 135 C.E., Judeans waged a third war against Rome, lost, and were dispersed so that they couldn ’ t rebel again.