Albert Camus ( 1913-1960) was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature. His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work. Of semi-proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy ( only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field), he too to France at the age of twenty-five. The an and the times met: Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a reporte for the newspaper Combat. But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the promise of the time; in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright ( e.g., Caligula, 1944). He also adapted plays by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dino Buzzati, and Faulkner 's Requiem for a Nun. His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in L'Equipe, an Algerian theatre group, whose " collective creation " Révolte dans les Asturies ( 1934) was banned for political reasons.
The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe ( The Myth of Sisyphus), 1942, expounds Camus 's notion of the bsurd and of its acceptance with " the total absence of hope, which has othing to do with despair, a continual refusal, which would not be confused with renouncement- and a conscious dissatisfaction ". Meursault, central character of L'Étranger ( The Stranger), 1942, illustrates much of th boo: man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit, later- when the young killer faces execution- tempted by despair, hope, and salvation. Dr. Rieux of La Peste ( The Plague), 1947, who tirelessly attends the plague-stricken citizens of Oran, enacts the revolt against a world of the bsurd and of injustice, and confirms Camus 's words: " We refuse to despair of mankind. Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men, we still nee to serve them ". Other well-known works of Camus are La Chute ( The Fall), 1956, and L'Exil et le royaume ( Exile and the Kingdom), 1957. His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art. He as a stylist of great purity and intense concentration and rationality.