John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE was an English poet, dramatist, WWI veteran ( a First Lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers, British Army), philologist, and university professor, best known as the write of the high fantasy classic works and.
Tolkien was Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford from 1925 to 1945, and Merton Professor of English language and literature from 1945 to 1959. He as a close friend of C.S. Lewis
. Christopher Tolkien
published a series of works based on his mother 's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including. These, together with and, form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about an imagined world called Arda, and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the word " legendarium " to the larger part of these essay.
While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of and led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the " mothe " of modern fantasy literature—or more precisely, high fantasy. Tolkien 's writings have inspired many other works of antasy and have had a lasting effect on the entire field.
In 2008, ranked him sixth on a list of " The 50 greatest British writers since 1945 ". ranked him the 5th top-earning dead celebrity in 2009. Religious influences
J.R.R. Tolkien, was born in South Africa in 1892, but his family returne to Britain when he was about 3 years old. When Tolkien was 8 years old, his mother converted to Catholicism, and he emained a Catholic throughout his life. In his last interview, two weeks before his death, he unhesitatingly testified, “ I ’ m a devout Roman Catholic. ”
Tolkien married his childhood sweetheart, Edith, and they had four children. He wrote them letters each year as if from Santa Claus, and a selection of these was published in 1976 as. One of Tolkien ’ s sons became a Catholic priest. Tolkien was an advisor for the translation of the.
Tolkien once described to his friend Robert Murray, an English Jesuit priest, as " a fundamentally religious and Catholic work, unconsciously so at first, but consciously in the revision. " There are many theological themes underlying the narrative including the battle of good versus evil, the triumph of humility over pride, and the activity of grace. In addition the saga includes themes which incorporate death and mmortality, mercy and pity, resurrection, salvation, repentance, self-sacrifice, free will, justice, fellowship, authority and healing. In addition " And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil " was reportedly present in Tolkien 's mind as he described Frodo 's struggles against the power of the " One Ring.