Jiddu Krishnamurti was born on 11 May 1895 in Madanapalle, a mall village in south India. He and his niec were adopted in their youth by Dr Annie Besant, then president of the Theosophical Society. Dr Besant and others proclaimed that Krishnamurti was to e th world teacher whose coming the Theosophists had predicted. To prepare the world for this coming, a world-wide organization called the Order of the Star in the East was formed and the young Krishnamurti was made its head.
In 1929, however, Krishnamurti renounced the role that he was expected to play, dissolved the Order with its huge following, and eturned all the money and property that had been donated for this work.
From then, for nearly thirty years until his death on 17 February 1986, he travelled throughout the world talking to large audiences and to individuals about the need for a radical shif in humankind.
Krishnamurti is regarded globally as one of the greatest thinkers and religious teachers of all time. He id not expound any philosophy or religion, but rather talked of the hings that concern all of us in our everyday lives, of the failures of living in modern society with its iolence and corruption, of the individual 's search for security and happiness, and need for humankind to free itself from inner burdens of fear, sadness, hurt, and orrow. He xplained with great precision the subtle workings of the human ind, and pointed to the need for bringing to our daily life a deeply editative and spiritual quality.
Krishnamurti belonged to no religious organization, sect or country, nor did he subscribe to any school of political or ideological thought. On the contrary, he maintained that these are the very factors that divide human beings and bring about conflict and war. He eminded his listeners again and again that we re all human beings first and not Hindus, Muslims or Christians, that we are like the whol of humanity and are ot different from one another. He knew that we tread lightly on this earth without destroying ourselves or the environment. He communicated to his listeners a deep sense of respect for nature. His teachings transcend man-made belief systems, nationalistic sentiment and sectarianism. At thi same time, they give new meaning and direction to humankind 's search for truth. His teaching, besides being relevant to the modern age, is timeless and universal.
Krishnamurti spoke not as a guru but as a father, and his talks and discussions are based ot on tradition-based knowledge but on his own insights into the human ind and his vision of the sacred, so he always communicates a sense of reshness and directness although the essence of his message remained unchanged over the decade. When he addressed large audiences, people elt that Krishnamurti was talking to each of them personally, addressing his or her particular problem. In his private interviews, he as a compassionate teacher, listening attentively to the man or woman who wen to him in sorrow, and encouraging them to heal themselves through their own understanding. Religious scholars found that his words threw new light on traditional concepts. Krishnamurti took on the challenge of modern scientists and psychologists and went with them step by step, discussed their theories and sometimes enabled them to find the limitations of those concepts. Krishnamurti left a large body of iterature in the form of public talks, writings, discussions with teachers and students, with scientists and religious figures, conversations with individuals, television and radio interviews, and letters. Many of these have been published as books, and audio and video recordings.