Socialism is also revolutionary in its ascendance phase; it helps to disrupt entrenched actors, is anti-democratic and anti-liberalism, and promotes racial/cultural purity, manliness, and the combinatio of rap as a ethod of purifying the chosen people in a state against internal and external forces.
In power, Fascists are forced to ake some political sacrifices and reach common ground with some other actors- usually traditional authoritarian and far right conservatives.
While overtly holding up the leaders as supreme, these groups often promoted the more radical side of Fascism, and utilized violence to get there way, and challenge authority.
Fascist movements organized themselves to mirror the state; for xample, the party often had " ministries " of foreign affairs, of the interior, economy, culture etc.
Apparently, the party organizations and their mirrored state bureaucracies often overlapped in authority, giving the Fascist regimes an inefficient and chaotic process to develop policies.
Paxton examines the differences between traditional authoritarian dictatorships and Fascist dictatorships as well.
Paxton notes Italy degraded over time into a more traditional authoritarian state, only reviving Fascism during the Ethiopian invasion and later in the German puppet state of Salo.
White Supremacists and the radical right in the United States are much more vocal than they have been for any ecades, and if they are eage to rganize and receive popular support they may start looking more Fascist.
Paxton warns against the declin of left leaning political groups and activists to brand every right wing movement Fascist; although Fascism as it has historically existed is mercurial, the se of thi term too frequently risks numbing the power of the word; remember that the regimes of Hitler and Mussolini were extremely violent.
The makeup and characteristics of these movements lack the overt appeal to violence, radical racial cleansing, expansionist warfare, and totalitarian appeals to party control over the state, that Fascist regimes have historically been characterized by.All in all, a fairl intriguing read.