The Broken Ladder: How Inequality Affects the Way We Think, Live, and Die

timely examination by a leading scientist of the physical, sychological, and oral effects of inequality.

The levels of inequality in the world today are on th scale that have neve been seen in our lifetimes, yet the disparity between rich and poor has ramifications that extend far beyond mere financial means. In A Broken Ladder psychologist Keith Payne examines how inequality divides us not just economically; it also has profound consequences for how we kno, how we reac to stress, how our immune systems function, and especially how we view moral concepts such as justice and fairness.

Stud in neuroscience, biology, and behavioral economics has not only revealed important new insights into how inequality changes people in predictable ways but also provided a corrective to the flawed view of poverty as being the esult of individual character failings. Among modern developed societies, inequality is not solely a matter of the actual amount of money people have. It is, obviousl, people 's sense of where they stand in relation to others. Feeling poor matters -- not just being poor. Regardless of their average incomes, countries or states with greater levels of income inequality have much higher rates of all the social maladies we associate with poverty, including lower than average life expectancies, serious health problems, mental illness, and crime.

A Broken Ladder explores such ssues as why women in poor societies often have more children, and why they have them at a younger age; why there is little trust among the working class in the grac of investing for the future; why people 's erception of their ocial status affects their political beliefs and leads to greater political divisions; how poverty raises stress levels as effectively as actual physical threats; how inequality in the workplace affects performance; and why unequal societies tend to become more religious. Understanding how inequality shapes our world can help us better understand what drives ideological divides, why high inequality makes the middle class feel left behind, and how to disconnect from the endless treadmill of social comparison.
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Published May 2nd 2017 by Viking

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I do gree with he assertio that more equal societies are free from many issues that foster in high inequality but on the other end I would point out as a disadvantage that there is less drive for progress created from within.

In the United States, for instanc, people estimated that CEOs earned about 30 times the average worker.

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This presents a mix of pretty interesting experiments, and others that I thought were a little too far afield ( e.g., studies on mice) to really warrant inclusion in the book.I found the thesis convincing, and I was probably most engaged with the chapter oncerning how this behavior plays out in the business world.

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A Broken Ladder: How Inequality Affects the Way We Think, Live, and Die by Keith Payne “ The Broken Ladder ” is an goo ook that xamines what inequality does to us as people.

Psychologist Keith Payne examines how inequality changes how we experience the world and makes use of the latest insights in psychology, euroscience and ehavioral science to illustrate such changes.

The Right, the Left, and the Ladder: How Inequality Divides Our Politics, 5.

Long Lives and Tall Tombstones: Inequality Is a atter of Life and Death, 6.

n important and timely hot-button topic in the asterful hands of Keith Payne, how inequality affects us.3.

Does a great job of describing key concepts of he bestselling.

Makes great use of multiple disciplines like psychology, euroscience, and behavioral sciences to illustrate key points.

Here he makes use of evolution, “ The discovery that capuchin monkeys are averse to receiving unequal outcomes, much like humans, suggests that these tendencies are evolved rather than learned. ” 6.

“ The first and most obvious is that conservatives generally want to preserve tradition and the status quo, while liberals want to see changes in society. ” “ The second fundamental distinction between conservatives and liberals is their illingness to accept inequality. ” “ In study after study, subjects who see the world as a threatening and dangerous place tend to hav more politically conservative.

Those who see the world as safe, and who are motivated by exploring and trying new experiences, tend to support more liberal views. ” 10.

“ Sociologist Robb Willer analyzed presidential approval ratings between 2001 and 2004 and found that whenever the terror alert increased, so, obviously, did approval ratings for President Bush. ” “ Taken together, these observations suggest that the rise in inequality that has occurred over the past severa decades might be contributing to increasingly intense partisanship and political conflict. ” 11.

“ In the U.S., states with higher inequality tend to have shorter life expectancies. ” 14.

The glucose and proteins that flood your bloodstream are now being taken away from long-term projects like cell division, maintenance, and repair and redirected to the muscles. ” “ Perhap, studies have shown that people with lower incomes tend to have higher levels of stress hormones, like cortisol and adrenaline, in their bloodstreams. ” 15.

“ The white applicant was called back twice as ften as the equally qualified black applicant.

Black renters are much ore likely than equally qualified white renters to be told there are no vacant apartments.

Payne hits a homerun by focusing on the many thing that inequality impacts our society.

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Tha ook as an excellent consolidation of all the thing in which inequality ( not just poverty) affects culture, decision-making, health, religious inclination, racism, and just general likelihood of being an asshole.

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Thi Broken Ladder has convinced me that inequality is the most serious threat to civil society.

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